How Do You Recognize a Way Ahead and Way Behind Situation?

There are a few guidelines for identifying Way Ahead – Way Behind situations:
You have a made hand, but not the nuts
The board is quite dry on the flop (e.g. rainbow paired boards)
The opposing hand range is made up of some better hands and many worse hands
You can estimate your hand strength and that of your opponent based on the board
The question of the way ahead – way behind situation always depends very much on the skill level of the opponent. If you play against a calling station, you can extract value from your hand by playing aggressively. However, if you play against a thinking tight aggressor, it will be difficult, because this very often will fold all worse hands onto another bet or turn them into bluffs. The better hands can also check-raise strong players to maximize the win. You are in a way ahead – way behind situation against this type of player.
What to do if the opponent checks the turn?
In Position
You can’t win anything in position by bet when the opponent has checked the turn. Either the opponent has a worthless hand and gives up his bluff on the turn or hopes to be able to do a check raise with his monster. It is often the best way to play a check behind. So you pay attention to pot control and give the opponent no chance to place a re-raise. However, you should make sure that you only give a backdoor flush draw a free card. On a colored board, you should protect your hand so that the outs are not left to the opponent for nothing.
If the opponent is also checking the river, you can assume that you are holding the best hand. A value bet of 1/3 to 1/2 pot size is recommended here. The opponent will fold in most cases. Sometimes you are called by an ace high or a pocket pair if your line does not look particularly strong for the opponent.
If the opponent bets the river, you should only call a “normal” bet. Very large bets are often a sign that the opponent wanted to check-raise the turn with a very strong hand and is now trying to get his hands on the river value. With his large bet size, he often wants to fake a bluff and thus motivate you to call. Reads on the opponent are particularly important here in order to be able to correctly assess the situation.
Out of Position
A check in position on the turn shows much more weakness than a check out of position. The opponent usually holds either nothing or a weaker made hand. If you place a value bet on the river, you are faced with a difficult decision when the opponent raises. Of course, the check behind on the turn could also have been a slow play. If the opponent on the river is very aggressive, you should only play check / call to avoid giving him the possibility of a bluff raise. This is the cheapest way to get to the showdown. If the opponent plays more passively, you should value bets yourself.
What to do if your opponent checks the river?
In Position
The opponent assumes that his check enables every weak hand to have a free showdown. So he’s most likely not holding a monster. Here you should value beds on the river. With a check-raise you are sure to have the worse hand and can fold.
Out of Position
To prevent the opponent from checking the river behind and getting a free showdown, you can donate the river. However, the line with check / call flop, check / call turn and donk river reveals that you have a pretty good made hand. However, a donk bet would be counterproductive here, it is better to check. Otherwise you can get into a very difficult situation if the opponent re-raises. In Way Ahead – Way Behind situations, more passive ways of playing are often recommended. This leaves you out of position value, but has good opportunities to come to the showdown and can often win it.